60-plus delinquency/default rate is a metric commonly used in the housing industry to measure the number of mortgage loans whose monthly payments are more than 60 days past due. A default rate of over 60 is often expressed as the percentage of a group of loans that were lost within a given period of time, e.g., B. one year, were drawn.
The 60-plus delinquency metric can also be used for car loans and credit cards. The 60+ default rate is helpful as it shows creditors and lenders whether consumers will default on their payments and whether they are likely to default on their loans.
Look at a Glance.
— The default rate over 60 is a metric typically used to measure the number of mortgage loans whose monthly payments are more than 60 days past due.
— A default rate greater than 60 is often expressed as the percentage of a group of loans that have been written within a certain period of time, such as a year.
— The 60-plus default rate is helpful as it shows lenders the consumers who could default on their credit.
Realization of 60-Plus Delinquencies
The 60-plus rate can be split into prime loans and subprime loans. Subprime loans are intended for borrowers with poor credit ratings. The default rate over 60 for subprime loans is usually higher than for prime loans. Often, over 60 rates are posted separately for fixed rate loans and floating rate loans that have a floating rate and may be reset to a fixed rate later in the term.
Monitoring 60-day interest rates, as well as other default rates for borrowers, can provide tremendous insight into the financial health of consumers in an economy. With favorable economic conditions, i.e., steady economic growth, the default rates tend to decrease.
Alternately, as financial conditions disintegrate, joblessness will in general ascent as shoppers are laid off from their positions. With lower incomes, consumers will find it more difficult to make their mortgage payments, leading to an increase in defaults across the economy.
Likewise, banks and home loan moneylenders monitor default rates as any break in contract installments implies a decline in income. In the event that defaults continue in an inadequately performing economy, bank misfortunes can increment as less home loan installments come in, which brings about less new credits being made. Less credit to consumers and businesses can worsen already poor conditions in an economy and make recovery more difficult.
60-plus Delinquencies and Foreclosure
The 60-plus delinquency rate is often added to another negative event measure, the foreclosure rate on the same group of loans. The two metrics contribute a combined measurement of each mortgage that is either not paid at all or late.
Since over 60 defaults are less than 90 days, the loans have yet to enter foreclosure proceedings. Foreclosure is the legal process by which a bank confiscates a home due to late payment or failure to pay mortgage payments by the borrower. Although every lender can be different, usually between 90 and 120 days past due, a home loan goes into the process before foreclosure.
Typically, when a borrower is 90 days past due, the lender files a reminder, which is a public notice filed in the local court stating that the borrower’s mortgage loan is in default. Borrowers can still try to work with their bank to modify the loan at this point.
If the loan payments are still not made after the 90 to 120-day deadline, the foreclosure process will continue. The bank will eventually seize the home and hold an auction to sell the home to another buyer. As a result, the default rate of over 60 is a critical early warning metric that lenders need to monitor and warns banks that a borrower may have financial problems. It also gives the bank time to contact the borrower and work out a payment plan to prevent the loan from going into foreclosure.
Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS)
Mortgage loans are occasionally divided into a pool of loans that make a mortgage-backed security (MBS). An MBS is sold to investors as a fund where they receive the interest on the mortgage loan. Unfortunately, investors are often unaware that MBS loans are up to date, which means that the borrower is not lagging behind in their payments.
If the default rate on overdue mortgages exceeds a certain level, the mortgage-backed security may experience a liquidity squeeze, creating difficulties in paying the interest to investors. As a result, loan assets may be revalued, causing some investors to lose some or most of their invested capital.
What to do when a mortgage default
Inhabitants or homeowners are usually at risk of losing their home in an economic downturn. However, certain safeguards have been put in place to help homeowners affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, Congress passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which included a provision that allowed borrowers to suspend their mortgage payments for up to a year – a process known as forbearance. It also provided for a moratorium on evictions.
The moratorium on foreclosures and evictions on corporate-backed mortgages, including those supported by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), has been extended several times. The deferral ends on September 30, 2021.
While the eviction moratorium was to be extended one last time to July 31, 2021, the CDC announced on August 3, 2021, a temporary stop of evictions in counties with high transmission of COVID-19 in the community. This mandate ends on October 3, 2021.
Below are some of the steps and key parts of your forbearance rights that borrowers can choose to take when they are behind with their mortgage payments.
Call your lender
Borrowers must contact their lender or bank that issued the mortgage loan and request a deferral. It is important that borrowers do not suspend their mortgage payments until they have been approved for deferral by the lender.
Still owe the payments
If the forbearance is approved, your missed payments will be added to the end of the loan term, which means that the loan term will increase. In other words, borrowers still need to make these payments, but instead of making the payments over the next several months, these payments are added to the end of the mortgage payment schedule.
The good news is that there are no penalties for late payment due to forbearance. Plus, the missed payments will not affect your credit score, which is a numeric representation of your creditworthiness and ability to repay your debts.
Not all mortgage loans are suitable. The program typically limits approval to mortgages secured or funded by government sponsored entities (GSEs) such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. Therefore, it is important that you contact your lender to find out what type of mortgage you have. As mentioned earlier, the emergency measures signed during the COVID-19 pandemic concern mortgages secured by agencies like the USDA and the FHA.
Example of 60-day Mortgage Delinquencies
The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) tracks mortgage rates for the US economy. The credit default rate peaked at 8.22 percent in the second quarter of 2020 and fell 184 basis points in three quarters to 6.38 percent, the sharpest decline in such a short period of time.
Martina Walsh, the MBA’s director, also noted that the earliest outages in the first quarter of 2021 – the 30-day and 60-day outages combined – fell to their lowest level since the survey began in 1979.
FHA mortgage loans – which are covered by the Federal Housing Administration – had the highest default rate of all loan types at 14.67% in the first quarter of 2021.
The report also found that while many areas have shown improvement from their mid-pandemic highs, overall crime rates are still higher than they were before the pandemic.