Bombay stock Exchange or BSE | BSE Sensex, Index, history, BSE Academy

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers, Dalal StreetMumbai-400001, Maharashtra, India, established on 9th July in 1875, the BSE (formerly known as Bombay Stock Exchange Ltd.)  is Asia’s first stock exchange. The BSE is the *world’s 10th largest stock exchange with an overall market capitalization of more than $4.9 trillion on as of April 2018.

The number of listed companies are 5066+  and current market capitalization is ₹150,184.87 billion (US$ 2.1 trillion) as on April 2018.

BSE Contacts :

Phones :         91-22-22721233/4, 91-22-66545695 (Hunting),
Fax :               91-22-22721919,
CIN:                L67120MH2005PLC155188,

BSE History

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. Its history
dates back to 1855, when five
would gather under banyan trees in front of Mumbai’s Town
Hall. Here
 Premchand Roychand (named Cotton king/
bullion king/ Big bull
), was an influential businessman in 19th
century, Bombay, India, took major steps to build a group of investors to
operate investment and trading. Episodically, For this purposes,
location of meetings changed many times to accommodate an increasing number of
brokers. The group eventually moved to Dalal Street in 1874 and in became an
official organization known as “The
Native Share & Stock Brokers Association”
in 1875.
On August 31, 1957, the BSE became the first stock exchange to
be recognized by the Indian Government under the Securities Contracts
Regulation Act. In 1980, the exchange moved to the Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers at Dalal
Street, Fort area
. In 1986, it developed the BSE SENSEX index, giving the BSE a means to measure the overall
performance of the exchange. In 2000, the BSE used this index to open its
derivatives market, trading SENSEX futures contracts. The development of SENSEX
options along with equity derivatives followed in 2001 and 2002, expanding the
BSE’s trading platform.

Historically an open outcry floor trading exchange, the Bombay Stock Exchange switched to an
electronic trading system developed by CMC Ltd. in 1995
. It took the
exchange only 50 days to make this transition. This automated, screen-based
trading platform called
BSE On-Line
Trading (BOLT)
had a capacity of 8
million orders per day
& also  has introduced a centralized exchange-based
internet trading system.

BSE Indices:
Index                 Current Value
(as on 18th April,2019)

S&P BSE SENSEX                                                      39140.28 INR

S&P BSE SENSEX 50                                                 12231.99 INR

Next 50                                      
33697.72  INR

S&P BSE 100                                                                11922.47 INR

S&P BSE Bharat 22 Index                                           3631.45  INR

S&P BSE MidCap                                                       15382.57 INR

S&P BSE SmallCap                                                      15021.2 INR

S&P BSE 200                                                                  4949.1 INR

S&P BSE 150 MidCap Index                                      4833.57 INR

S&P BSE 250 SmallCap Index                                     2297.2 INR

S&P BSE 250 LargeMidCap Index                           4668.65 INR

S&P BSE 400 MidSmallCap Index                           3765.09 INR

S&P BSE 500                                                             15421.87 INR

S&P BSE AllCap                                                         4401.87 INR

S&P BSE LargeCap                                                   4525.04 INR

S&P BSE SmallCap Select Index                              2552.22 INR

S&P BSE MidCap Select Index                                 6682.68 INR

S&P BSE 100 LargeCap TMC Index                       4305.03 INR

S&P BSE SENSEX Next 50 TMC                             6090.05 INR

S&P BSE LargeMidCap                                                 4725 INR

S&P BSE MidSmallCap                                            4050.56 INR

S&P BSE 250 LargeMidCap 65:35 Index                4747.48 INR

S&P BSE SENSEX 50 TMC                                      3982.87 INR

Companies in BSE or BSE Index view


View All

BSE Market Safety 

major objective of BSE is to promote and inculcate honorable and just practices
of trade in securities transactions, and to discourage malpractices.

The surveillance function at BSE has assumed greater importance over the last
few years. It has a dedicated Surveillance Department to keep a close, and a daily,
watch on the price movement of Securities , detect market manipulations like
price rigging, etc., monitor abnormal prices and volumes which are not
consistent with normal trading pattern and monitor the Members’ exposure levels
to ensure that defaults do not occur. This Department, which is headed by a
General Manager, reports directly to Managing Director.

As per the guidelines issued by SEBI, except for Securities on which derivative
products are available and are part of indices on which derivative products are
available, a daily Circuit Filter of 20% is applied on all Securities. Circuit
filters ensures that the price of a Security cannot move upward or downward
beyond the limit set for the day. BSE has imposed dummy circuit filters to
avoid freak trade due to punching errors by the Trading Members.

The abnormal variation in the prices as well as the volumes of the Securities
are scrutinized and appropriate actions are taken. The Securities which reach
new high or new low and companies which have high trading volumes are watched
closely. A special emphasis is laid on the newly listed Securities.

In case certain abnormalities are noticed, the circuit filters are reduced to
make it difficult for the price manipulators to increase or push down the
prices of a Security within a short period of time. BSE imposes special margins
in Securities where it suspects an attempt to ramp up the prices by creating
artificial volumes. BSE also transfers the Securities for trading and
settlement to the trade-to-trade category which leads to giving/taking delivery
of shares on a gross level and no intra-day/settlement netting off/squaring off
facility is permitted. If abnormal movements continue despite the aforesaid
measures, BSE suspends the trading in the Security.

Detailed investigations are conducted in cases where price manipulation is
suspected and disciplinary action is taken against the concerned Members.

BSE has an On-line Real Time (OLRT) Surveillance System, which has been in
operation since July 15, 1999. Under this system, alerts are generated on-line,
in real time during the trading hours, based on certain preset parameters like
the price and volume variation in Securities, a Member taking unduly large
positions not commensurate with their financial position or having concentrated
positions in one or more Securities.

This system integrates several databases like company profiles, Members’
profiles and historical data of turnover and price movement in Securities,
Members’ turnovers, their pay-in obligations, etc.

BSE Institute Ltd (BIL)
India has a diversified financial sector and with new entities
entering into the markets it is undergoing rapid expansion. The highly
competitive environment puts emphasis on continuous upgradation and learning
and that’s what is offered here, at BSE Institute Limited.

BSE Institute Limited is
a wholly owned subsidiary of Asia’s first and world’s fastest stock exchange-
Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
It is a leading financial center which aims at helping students understand
mechanism that make financial institution important for the economy. As a
financial institution,
BSE Institute Ltd (BIL) are
determined to hone the financial literacy of the youth. Also, it is a very
well-known fact that the institute is pioneer in inspiring and providing memorable
and immersive learning which is not hemmed only to BIL students. The institute conduct
numerous seminars, workshops and study visits for the students across the
world, updates of which can be easily seen on the Facebook page of BSE
Institute. The faculty at BIL are professionals and experts in their field and
it is their unique and interesting way of teaching that makes every class
interactive and engaging.

BSE Courses

Institute Ltd offers ideal courses for—

1) Students 
6) International audiences…

Other major stock exchanges world-wide:

1. New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) at  New york City, USA.

2. NASDAQ at New
york City, USA.

3. Japan Exchange Group at Tokyo,


4. Shanghai Stock
at Shanghai, China.

5. Hong Kong Stock Exchange at Hong
Kong, China.

6. Euronext at European Union (Amsterdam, Brussels, Dublin, Lisbon, Paris)

7. London Stock Exchange Group
London, Milan, United Kingdom.

8. Shenzhen Stock Exchange
at Shenzhen, China.

9. TMX Group at Toronto,

10. *Bombay Stock
Exchange (BSE)
Mumbai, India.

11. National Stock Exchange (NSE) of
at Mumbai, India.

12. Deutsche Börse
at Frankfurt, Germany. 
13. SIX Swiss Exchange at Zurich, Switzerland.

14. Korea
at SeoulBusan, South Korea.

15. Nasdaq Nordic Exchanges at Copenhagen, Stockholm, Helsinki, Tallinn, Riga,
Vilnius, Iceland, Armenia.
16. Australian
Securities Exchange
at Sydney, Australia.

Taiwan Stock Exchange at
Taipei, Taiwan.

18. B3 at São Paulo, Brazil.

19. JSE Limited at Johannesburg,
South Africa.

20. Bolsas y Mercados Españoles at
Madrid, Spain

Importance of Stock Exchange :

Stock market is an important part of the economy of a
country. The stock market plays a play a pivotal role in the growth of the
industry and commerce of the country that eventually affects the economy of the
country to a great extent. That is reason that the government, industry and
even the central banks of the country keep a close watch on the happenings of
the stock market. The stock market is important from both the industry’s point
of view as well as the investor’s point of view.
Whenever a company wants to raise funds for further expansion or
settling up a new business venture, they have to either take a loan from a financial
organization or they have to issue shares through the stock market. In fact the
stock market is the primary source for any company to raise funds for business
expansions. If a company wants to raise some capital for the business it can
issue shares of the company that is basically part ownership of the company. To
issue shares for the investors to invest in the stocks a company needs to get
listed to a stocks exchange and through the primary market of the stock
exchange they can issue the shares and get the funds for business requirements.
There are certain rules and regulations for getting listed at a stock exchange
and they need to fulfill some criteria to issue stocks and go public. The stock
market is primarily the place where these companies get listed to issue the
shares and raise the fund. In case of an already listed public company, they
issue more shares to the market for collecting more funds for business
expansion. For the companies which are going public for the first time, they
need to start with the Initial Public Offering or the 
IPO. In both the cases these companies have to go through
the stock market.
This is the primary function of the stock exchange and
thus they play the most important role of supporting the growth of the industry
and commerce in the country. That is the reason that a rising stock market is
the sign of a developing industrial sector and a growing economy of the country

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